Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site features Monroe Elementary, the school attended in 1950 by third grader Linda Brown. Because she was black, Brown was barred from attending a white school much closer to her home. The cases brought by father and others led to the Supreme Court’s unanimous decision in 1954 that […]
Remembering Jim Crow is a companion to a radio documentary, and examines the system that, for much of the 20th century, barred many African Americans from their rights as U.S. citizens. Read personal histories of segregation. See a sampling of Jim Crow laws. Learn how African Americans fought economic hardships imposed by Jim Crow and […]
New Kent School and the George W. Watkins School: From Freedom of Choice to Integration looks at the 1968 Supreme Court ruling that ended a decade of resistance to school desegregation in the South (1955-1964) and triggered massive integration of schools (1968-1973). The New Kent and George W. Watkins schools illustrated typical characteristics of a […]
Behind the Veil: Documenting African American Life in the Jim Crow South is a research project on African American life during the Jim Crow era (c. 1890s-1950s). It was a time of undeniable oppression and exploitation of black Americans; however, these 60 years of legal segregation in the South were also a time when African […]
Rise and Fall of Jim Crow looks at the century of segregation following the Civil War (1863-1954). “Jim Crow,” a name taken from a popular 19th-century minstrel song, came to personify government-sanctioned racial oppression and segregation in the U.S. This website describes pivotal developments during that time?the Emancipation Proclamation, the Compromise of 1877, the Brown […]
Radio Fights Jim Crow looks at a series of radio programs aimed to mend the racial and ethnic divisions that threatened America.
Jackie Steals Home involves high school students in analyzing primary documents related to Jackie Robinson’s breaking the color line (when he stepped onto Ebbets field on April 15, 1947) to help them understand racial barriers not only in baseball and other sports, but in society.
From Jim Crow to Linda Brown: A Retrospective of the African-American Experience, 1897-1953 helps students understand themes of African American life in the first half of the 20th century and explore to what extent the African American experience was “separate but equal.” Among the activities, students examine Plessy v. Ferguson (1897) and simulate the 1898 […]
Baseball and Jackie Robinson includes a narrative presentation of early baseball photos (1860s-1920) and a timeline titled “Baseball, the Color Line, and Jackie Robinson” (1860 – 1972).
African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray Collection, 1818-1907 presents a review of African-American history and culture as seen through the practice of pamphleteering. The site includes sermons on racial pride and essays on segregation, voting rights, and violence against African-Americans.